Machining of Polymers
Variables Affecting Surface Finish
Glass Transition Temperature (Tg)
Melt Temperature (Tm)
Cutting Speed (relaxation rate)
Cutting Edge Radius
Tool Angles (Rake/Clearance)
Tool surface tribological properties
Representative Temperature Sweep for Thermoplastic Polymers
Rationale Behind Temperature Control (Tg < Room Temperature)
Rationale Behind Temperature Control (Tg > Room Temperature)
PEEK Machining Demonstration
To investigate the impact of various cryo gas temperatures on burr formation.
To compare surface characteristics of hydroxyapatite filled PEEK when machined dry and cryogenically.
Unfilled PEEK, hydroxyapatite filled PEEK.
Tooling and machining standards per publicized guidelines (constant for dry and cryo machined samples).
– Compressed air
– Various cryogenic cooling conditions:
+ Liquid nitrogen, Cryo gas at -250°F, -150°F, -100°F and -50°F.
+ Cryo brushing at -250°F.
Light microscopy, SEM, EDS analysis.
Note: Cryo gas temperature measured at End-of-Line (EOL) box prior to nozzle.
Dry Machining vs. Cryo-machining Results
Comparison of Surface Profiles (Dry Cutting Vs. ICEFLY)
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